First World War

All those who witnessed the First World War are gone, although we have inherited a trove of primary materials, memoirs and artefacts. Indeed, such is the scale of the sources available that historians continue to argue and debate the details: from titanic battles down to an individual’s opinion of a particular day. My feature on horses and mules was written long before the phenomenon of War Horse, and its original title, The Forgotten Army, has been made redundant by subsequent research in this field. In addition, two of my features explore events in the immediate aftermath of the war. The Bloodhounds of Berlin examines the political intrigue and street fighting witnessed in Berlin from 1918-1919, while Bloody Lances and Broken Sabres discusses the defeat of Budyonny's First Cavalry Army that was under the command of one Joseph Stalin.

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Horses and Mules

The British and Commonwealth armies on the Western Front would have been defeated without the steady supply and use of horses and mules. They were lost by the thousand.

Mountain Fury

Some of the fiercest fighting ever witnessed in the Alps started in May 1916 between the forces of Austro-Hungary and Italy. Could Italy hold the line or would their armies crack?

Poland 1920

Budyonny's dreaded First Cavalry Army could have changed the course of history had it supported the Bolshevik drive on Warsaw. Stalin's jealousy and stiff Polish resistance doomed the entire enterprise to defeat.

Christmas Truce

Christmas 1914 witnessed one of the First World War's most unusual events: a temporary ceasefire across large sections of the Western Front, primarily between British and German forces. What really happened?

Bloodhounds of Berlin

A revolution erupted across Germany in the wake of the country's defeat on the Western Front. Events in the nation's capital would determine whether the country remained democratic or veered towards the Bolshevik model.